As with the last one I did on Identifying Beech trees, I learned this from park rangers at Natchez Trace State Park in Wildersville, TN. This highly adaptable shrub is ideally suited for wet sites, dry sites, natural- See Also The Monday Garden, by Sue Sweeney. Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is found in upland woods throughout Iowa except in the northwest. Leaves are opposite, entire, stalked, ovate to lance shape and taper to a pointed tip, pale green on the underside. Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida, making Gray Dogwood Swida racemosa, but this is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. It is a shrub growing to 1.2 to 3 m (4 to 10 ft) high, with gray bark and white flowers - and leaves turning from red-green to a gray-green in the summer, and then to purple in autumn. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. Donald Stokes noted that grey dogwood seemed a favorite nesting spot of local birds such as mockingbirds, catbirds, and chipping sparrows. The leaves have fewer lateral veins (3-4 pairs) than other dogwood species. Opposite leaved shrubs, except for Alternate-leaved Dogwood, which has - yup - alternate leaves. If the leaves are droopy, green-gray, or enlarged, the tree needs less water. Flowering Dogwood sometimes grows to the size of a small tree. Flower: Species is monoecious; small, dull white in upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late early summer. Eradication of this plant is not practical nor desirable. Mature trees can grow to 10m. Twigs are tan to orange-brown, smooth but for a few dark, raised lenticels (pores) the first year that give it a warty texture. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. These are in Elm Creek Park Reserve. gray dogwood Cornaceae Cornus racemosa Lam. It has a round headed with a profusion of creamy white flowers followed by white fruits borne on bright red bracts. It is a member of the dogwood genus Cornus and the family Cornaceae. White berries develop on red pedicels adorning the shrub which are relished by a number of bird species. This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller than wide. Gray dogwood should be accurately identified before attempting any control measures. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. Gray Dogwood is a shrub, usually not over 6 feet high, forming a thicket. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. Your email address: (required) The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. White panicles of flowers brighten the landscape in June. Gray dogwoods are great for borders, groups, and masses. Common Name: gray dogwood Scientific Name: Family: Cornaceae Genus: Cornus Species: racemosa Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 10 to 15 ft Width: 10 to 15 ft Description: The gray dogwood is used extensively as a landscape shrub in Minnesota. Terminal stems hol… Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus racemosa Lam. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa. This plant then transform come fall showcasing purple foliage in fall. Cornus racemosa - Gray Dogwood (Cornaceae)-----Cornus racemosa is a spreading, dense, stoloniferous shrub. The identification of the leaves of dogwood trees hinges on recognizing subtle differences in their features. Gray Dogwood is a shrub, usually not over 6 feet high, forming a thicket. Produces ¼" white fruit that grows on reddish-pink pedicels and matures in late summer or early fall. Leaves are opposite, simple, lacking teeth or lobes, lance-shaped or broadest at the middle, 2–4 inches long, tapering to a broadly pointed tip. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Young branches and twigs are brown to red; older branches are gray. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa On the previous post I showed how to ID a dogwood down to its genus. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka and Pine counties. QUICK WINTER ID Rough-Leaved Dogwood Cornus drummondii Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with ascending to spreading branches. The lengths of dogwood tree leaves have some variation between species. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. All should be planted as early in the spring as possible. They can also be grown as small trees to be used for foundations, entranceways, borders, or specimen planting. DISTRIBUTION Gray dogwood is native to the U.S. and is found from central Maine to southern Ontario As in most of our dogwoods, the leaves are simple, entire and opposite and the lateral veins tend to curve toward the leaf tip (they are said to be "arcuate"). The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. Pollinator photos courtesy Heather Holm. 18 thoughts on “ Distinguishing Elderberry from Silky and Redosier Dogwood ” Pingback: How to Grow a Jelly Garden | Tenth Acre Farm Danielle November 28, 2016 at 6:44 pm. It is typically planted for both its visual interest and profusion of spring flowers. For a current distribution map, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Website. Bundle scar. Most park rangers are more than hap… Gray dogwood is a native shrub that is a natural component of many woodland and prairie communities. Follow the sound into thickets and vine tangles and you’ll be rewarded by a somber gray bird with a black cap and bright rusty feathers under the tail. Most park rangers are more than hap… I expected to quickly confirm my initial identification as a Silky Dogwood. While it may reach heights of more than 10 feet, 6 feet or less is more typical. A sequence of historical aerial photos can be helpful in confirming or refuting the belief … The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. Dogwoods, even native species, are often affected by many pests and diseases. If identification of the species is in doubt, the plant's identity should be confirmed by a knowledgeable individual and/or by consulting appropriate books. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Where in Minnesota? For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Your Name: See Also The Monday Garden, by Sue Sweeney. The gray dogwood can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–8. White flowers appear in late spring, leading to white berries in summer—they are edible to birds but should not be eaten by humans. Almost any character in the keys is open to exception, but identification is easier than the apparently overlapping statements might suggest. Glossary. The pedicels are exposed when the fruit falls, adding nice fall/winter color. - 01) The gray (sometimes spelled "grey") dogwood is a native shrub or bush with numerous stems that can typically be found in moist or rocky ground along streams, ponds, wet meadows, glade and thickets. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. several of these bushes are growing to the north of Battle Creek Middle School, across the large field from the school. Older bark lower on the lower stems can be rough and scaly. The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. Stems are multiple from the ground, mostly straight and nearly simple with dense branching above. The gray dogwood adapts to a wide range of soil conditions and can tolerate wet conditions as well as drought. The twigs are grey, rather than brown, and a lovely contrast to the new growth which begins as red. Flowers are creamy white, about ¼ inch across with 4 lance-elliptic petals, the sepals minute or absent. The bark of the current year's growth is an orange-brown color and stands in contrast to the previous year's gray bark. gray dogwood Cornaceae Cornus racemosa Lam. This tough, low-maintenance shrub offers subtle year-round beauty. This didn't help, Silky, Gray (C. racemosa) and Red-Osier Dogwood … Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is found in upland woods throughout Iowa except in the northwest. As its name indicates, Gray Dogwood has gray bark, and its leaves have 3 or 4 veins per side. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Identifying Dogwood Trees: This is the second Instructable I have done in regards to identifying trees. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. Gray dogwood is a native shrub. Eradication of this plant is not practical nor desirable. Gray Dogwood Information Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is rangy and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around it. Patches of gray mold grow on the patches if the weather remains very humid. The leaves have fewer lateral veins (3-4 pairs) than other dogwood species. Several species native to North American produce flowers for local pollinators and berries for wildlife. Foliage turns an interesting (but not always showy) dusky purplish red in fall. This hard wooded plant has also attracted human interest. In late summer, clusters of bluish-white berries will mature. DISTRIBUTION Gray dogwood is native to the U.S. and is found from central Maine to southern Ontario Stems are mostly smooth but with some wart-ish bumps, and gray except for the newer twigs which are reddish-brown and have pale lenticular lenticels. Managers who are concerned by the abundance of gray dogwood on a particular managed area should determine the desired abundance of the shrub on the site before setting goals for control. Flower: Species is monoecious; small, dull white in upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late early summer. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This shrub is 3-8' tall, erect, and abundantly branched. Can be cut back to the ground if it becomes too large and woody. The fall leaves are dark reddish purple, and while the color is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive. Dome shaped clusters, 1½ to 2½ inches broad and about as high, of short-stalked flowers at the tips of branches. grey osier dogwood. (Gray Dogwood (Cornus racemosa Lam.) Dogwood shrubs let you enjoy many of the characteristics of dogwood trees on a smaller scale. Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. It is a shrub growing to 1.2 to 3 m (4 to 10 ft) high, with gray bark and white flowers - and leaves turning from red-green to a gray-green in the summer, and then to purple in autumn. The first thing I looked at was the arrangement of leaves on the twigs - opposite. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. Cornus is the Latin name for dogwood, and racemosa refers to the type of compound flower arrangement (raceme). The Gray Dogwood is a native, gray-stemmed, thickly branched shrub. Gray dogwood blooms in late spring to early summer.The scientific name, Swida racemosa, is frequently used Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Gray dogwood is a native shrub that is a natural component of many woodland and prairie communities. A large specimen has a trunk with grey bark. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Establishment Only seedlings of gray dogwood are practical. Your Gray Dogwood has a lot to recommend it. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. Cornus racemosa, gray dogwood, is a native deciduous multi-stemmed shrub to small tree.There are several species of dogwood in NJ. Flowering Dogwood sometimes grows to the size of a small tree. If you’re convinced you’ll never be able to learn bird calls, start with the Gray Catbird. It has a round headed with a profusion of creamy white flowers followed by white fruits borne on bright red bracts. Identification: This is an erect, perennial shrub that rises on multiple stems. Subtly attractive in flower, fruit, and fruiting stalk, and tolerant of wet or dry sites, Gray Dogwood is a multi-season interest plant. Cornus racemosa - the northern swamp dogwood - is a species in the family Cornaceae native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. Gray dogwood is a very adaptable, native shrub that is excellent for naturalizing, especially in difficult sites, such as pond and stream banks. Pick an image for a larger view. The berries are excellent food for song birds. This hard wooded plant has also attracted human interest. – gray dogwood Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida, making Gray Dogwood Swida racemosa, but this is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. Mature trees can grow to 10m. The bark of older branches is gray or gray-brown and slightly roughened from the abundant small lenticels. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This shrub is 3-8' tall, erect, and abundantly branched. Gray Dogwood: 15: 5-10' moist, well-drained: 5: full sun, partial shade: wildlife habitat & food & cover: Green Ash: Valuable timber on all but dry soil, adapted to wet soil. The spreading root system readily suckers, often creating large clonal colonies. Cornus racemosa 'Hurzam' - 'Hurzam' (Huron™) is a select Gray Dogwood growing only 4 to 5 feet tall, its habit rounded.Teeming small creamy white flattened domes are numerous in June making the shrub showy when in bloom. Cornus racemosa, the northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood or panicle dogwood, is a shrubby plant native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. The dogwoods are distinguished from other flowering shrubs by the clusters of small, 4-petaled white flowers and opposite (except for 1 species) leaves that are toothless and have prominent, arching, lateral veins. The Gray Dogwood is small to medium sized shrub, typically growing to a height of 6 to 10 feet. Its flowers, leaves and fruit may appear similar to Red-osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea), but the bark of that species, at least in part, is a deep red year round and leaves have 5 or 6 veins per side. I know that elderberry grows in the wild in our area (coastal RI) but I’m a true novice at plant id. Gray dogwood: Medium size wildlife shrub with clusters of white flowers in spring and white fruit in fall. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. The pith of the twig is white. symbol: CORA6 Leaf: Opposite, simple, ovate to elliptical, entire with arcuate veins, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, dark green above, lighter below. This plant then transform come fall showcasing purple foliage in fall. Flat clusters of […] The flowering dogwood leaf can grow to 5 inches in length. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. In spring, creamy white flowers will display for a week to ten days. Is occasionally grown as a small tree, where it can be used for foundations, entranceways, borders or specimen planting. How to Grow Roses From Cuttings Fast and Easy | Rooting Rose Cuttings with a 2 Liter Soda Bottle - … The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. Very tough and resilient! Irregular, brown, wrinkled patches form on flower bracts and leaves in the spring. 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