Construction of the bridge started in September 27, 2009 and the bridge was completed in October 28, 2013. The bridge was engineered by Zhejiang Government at a value of 2.48bn yuan (about $363m). The world's longest suspension bridges are listed according to the length of their main span (i.e. the length of suspended roadway between the bridge's towers). Urban rail transit in the People's Republic of China encompasses a broad range of urban and suburban electric passenger rail mass transit systems including subway, light rail, tram and maglev. The cable-stayed bridge is optimal for spans longer than cantilever bridges and shorter than suspension bridges. This bridge also solely spans smaller areas and is usually made up of iron. The bridge originally opened in 1940 but collapsed in the same year due to heavy winds. The Geierlay is a suspension bridge in the low mountain range of the Hunsrück in western Germany. The bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River carry rail and road traffic across China's longest and largest river and form a vital part of the country's transportation infrastructure. The bridge formally called the East Bridge, has the world’s third longest main span (1.6 km), and therefore the longest outside of Asia. Speaking at the opening ceremony, President Erdoğan declared that the new bridge that connects either side of the Izmit Bay in north-western Turkey is named once the founding father of the empire (a dynasty at the time), Osman Gazi. The total bridge length is approximately 1850 m. It is a large bridge complex that crosses the river in Jiangsu Province, China, downstream of Nanjing. INTRODUCTION The Bridge is a structure carrying a road, railway, path etc., across an obstacle (Ex:- River) There are various designs of Bridge to span different lengths. Vertical interval (f) of the main cable in the main span is denoted as the sag, and the ratio of sag to span of main cable n = f / L is defined as the sag ratio.Sag controls the length and stability of the suspension bridge, and is generally taken between 1/8 and 1/12 (a generally accepted optimum is a 1/10). A suspension bridge is a type of bridge in which the deck (the load-bearing portion) is hung below suspension cables on vertical suspenders. [1] If one bridge has a longer span than another it does not necessarily mean that the bridge is longer from shore to shore (or from abutment to abutment). Near Kingston upon Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, England, is a 2,220-metre (2,430 yds. Therefore, seven different rise/span ratios, 1/10, 1/9, 1/8, 1/7, 1/6, 1/5, and 1/4, are used to study the variation of saddle preoffsetting, … Cable-stayed bridges are optimal for spans from about 250m to 750m. At 254 metres (833 ft.) on top of water level, the two pylons of the East Bridge are the very best points on independent structures in Denmark. However, as of 2008, the feasibility of a, The preferred solution to connect Bergen and Haugesund along, Will replace the ferry connecting Hareid and Sula, as well as being part of the national "Ferry-free, One of several proposals for crossing the, The project was cancelled on 11 October 2006 by the, This project has been approved by the Indonesian government. With a span of 1,650m, it is the longest spanning bridge in China and therefore the second longest within the world, after Japan’s Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge. It’s currently the fifth longest in the world. The complex opened to traffic on Apr 30, 2005. Beyond 1500m it will invariably be suspension bridges, and in both types, multi-span bridges will make large sea-crossings possible. The cable-stayed bridge is optimal for spans longer than cantilever bridges and shorter than suspension bridges. Metro lines are operated by Chengdu Rail Transit Group Company Limited. The Akashi Kaikyō Bridge (明石海峡大橋, Akashi Kaikyō Ōhashi) is a suspension bridge, which links the city of Kobe on the Japanese mainland of Honshu to Iwaya on Awaji Island.It crosses the busy Akashi Strait (Akashi Kaikyō in Japanese) as part of the Honshu–Shikoku Highway. Bridge designers in other words are Force Balancers. The river bisects China proper from west to east, and every major north-south bound highway and railway must cross the Yangtze. It is 6,790 metres (22,277 ft.) along with a free span of 1,624 metres (5,328 ft.), making it the world’s third-longest bridge span. This bridge, along with the Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel and Bridge to the south, forms the last crossing of the Yangtze River before the river empties into the East China Sea. Also Read: Top 10 Tallest Bridges in the World 2019. For spans more than 8 m, built-up I-sections or plate girders are used. It does not include cable-stayed bridges, footbridges, or pipeline bridges. Lanzhou Metro or Lanzhou Rail Transit is a rapid transit system in Lanzhou, Gansu, China. The most span is the ninth longest bridge in the world. Large urban centers along the river such as Chongqing, Wuhan, and Nanjing also have urban mass transit rail lines crossing the Yangtze. It had been designed by the Danish engineering companies COWI and Ramboll. Most of the large suspension bridges built in recent years have been in the People's Republic of China. The design speed of the road is 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph). Opened in 1998, it spans the Akashi Strait (Akashi Kaikyo) between Kobe and Awaji Island and is an element of the Kobe-Awaji-Naruto freeway, one among three expressways that connect Honshu with the island. However, the road deck span was only 258 meters long. The primary modern samples of this sort of bridge were built in the early 1800s. Anqing Yangtze River Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge spanning 1,040 metres (3,410 ft) over the Yangtze River at Anqing, Anhui Province in eastern China. The length of main span is the most common method of comparing the sizes of suspension bridges, often correlating with the height of the towers and the engineering complexity involved in designing and constructing the bridge. It’s a Grade I listed building. A suspension bridge is a form of the bridge within which the deck (the supporting portion) is decorated below suspension cables on vertical suspenders. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. With the gap of the Xihoumen Bridge in 2007, it became the second-longest span in China. The system consists of 7 subway lines and 1 light rail line. Since this bridge was built, the record for longest bridge span has only been held by suspension bridges. Yet, they are very strong and nowadays are the world's longest bridge type. Suspension bridges are strong and can span long distances. Some individuals miswrite his surname like ‘Lee’ rather than ‘Yi’ however ‘Yi Sun-sin’ is his official name. 10 Most Wonderful Stone Bridges in the World, Top 10 Most Fastest Trains In The World 2019, 10 Most Amazing Movable Bridges in the World, Top 10 Terrifying Rope Bridges Around The World, 5 Things To Know When Traveling With Your Goldendoodle, 8 Long Flight Essentials You’ll Need For Your Next Trip. The bridge is one part of The Approach Road to Yeosu Industrial complex. Great Belt Bridge, 1624 meters, Denmark. The bridge opened on December 27, 2004 and was the 35th bridge across the Yangtze River between Yibin and Shanghai. In between the two bridges is that the island of Shiyezhou. The bridge is 31.2 metres (102 ft) wide and carries four lanes of traffic on the G50 Shanghai–Chongqing Expressway between Anqing north of the river and Dongzhi County in Chizhou prefecture to the south. The basic design principles … To keep the main cables tensioned, an anchorage structure on all sides of the span is placed below the road deck. Once it opened in 1981, each side of the bridge was within the non-metropolitan county of Humberside, till its dissolution in 1996. This list includes only completed suspension bridges that carry automobiles or trains. San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge (east half of West span), San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge (west half of West span), Dayong Expressway Taoyuan Jinsha River Bridge, Guanling Buyei and Miao Autonomous County, Nanjing Xianxin Road Yangtse River Bridge, San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge Eastern Span, Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Expressway Company Limited, "Potain tower cranes construct the world's second longest span suspension bridge in China", "Project of Humen Second Bridge is won by CCCC", "Osman Gazi Bridge, world's 4th longest suspension bridge with largest central span completed", "New Suspension Bridge to Link Yeosu and Gwangyang", "Hangrui Dongting Bridge, a "super project" in the world's bridge construction, opens to traffic (photo)", "Hangrui Expressway Dongting Lake Bridge completed and opened to traffic (Photos)", "New multi-million pound leisure facility earmarked for Humber Bridge", "Golden Gate Bridge: Design & Construction Stats", Golden Gate Bridge, Highway and Transportation District, "Mckinac Bridge History, Facts & Figures", "Hyundai E&C connects the future of Ulsan", "The Hålogaland Bridge – a landmark located outside of Narvik", "Asia's Longest, Highest Steel Suspension Bridge Opens in Southwest China", "Daduhe Bridge Xingkang - HighestBridges.com", "The Balinghe Bridge in China – World's Highest Bridge", "The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey - Bridges", "Honshu Shikoku Bridge Expressway Company", "WSDOT - Tacoma Narrows Bridge: Extreme History", "主跨850米 鹦鹉洲长江大桥模样国内罕见 - 武汉晚报 - 汉网 - 武汉新闻┊武汉论坛┊武汉小吃┊武汉逛街┊武汉旅游┊武汉休闲┊武汉教育培训", Chinese Bridges and Health Monitoring Systems, "Caltrans Toll Bridge - San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge", "For R40 you can drive across Africa's longest bridge – and get to Mozambique four hours faster", "HighestBridges.com: Jinshajiang Bridge Hulukou", "New Millennium Bridge – Main channel Route Bridge", "Yuzui Yangtze Bridge halves connected_Local—China Economic Net", "Egongyan Metro Line Bridge - HighestBridges.com", "2000 E'gongyan - Chongqing, Sichuan Province, China", "5 foreign bidders named in $5B Çanakkale Bridge", "Jinshajiang Bridge Jin'an - HighestBridges.com", "Presentation Memo: Suspended bridge suspended over the Danube in the Brăila area", "Así se ven los primeros trazos del puente Chacao", "宜昌白洋长江公路大桥开工 投资33亿2020年建成 - 动向新闻 - 荆楚网三峡频道_全国重点新闻网站", "大永高速开工 楚雄加速出滇入川高速交通枢纽建设楚雄州永仁县一季度集中开工50个项目 总投资逾96亿元_云南网", http://reaaa.vms.my/images/8/86/%2813-17%29The_Planning_and_Design_of_the_2nd_Namhae_Bridge.pdf, "Study on Non-linear Viscous Damper Parameters of Guojiatuo Yangtze River Bridge--《Technology of Highway and Transport》2016年06期", "Resumption of construction of guojiatuo Yangtze River Bridge, the largest span dual-purpose suspension bridge in China | jqknews", "Asia-Pacific - Indonesia plans world's longest bridge", "Chinese province considers 31km bridge or tunnel proposal", "1820 Union Bridge (each bridge is linked to the span that eclipsed it in length)", "World's longest double-deck suspension bridge opens to traffic - Xinhua", Steel bridges in the world, and other bridge statistics, Two Millennia - Two Long-Span Suspension Bridges, Progress of Center Span on Long-Span Bridges, List of medieval stone bridges in Germany, Some designs have suspension spans of several miles. Continuous Plate Girder Bridges: Simply supported plate girder bridges. Dongting Lake, called “the kidney of the Yangtze River,” is that the second-largest fresh lake in China and one among the foremost necessary wetlands in China and also the world. Cable-stayed bridges, the next longest design, are practical for spans up to just over 1 kilometre. The site is also to cover things that are related to the world. Generally railway deck plate girder bridges … Construction started in 2014 and the Expressway was opened on 29 December 2018. The Bridge Exhibition Centre at the foot of the Kobe facet of the bridge provides well-presented data regarding the look and construction of the bri… According to Sagar Ram Nepal, Engineer of the Contract Management Branch of the Suspension Bridge Division Office, Kathmandu, the construction cost of the bridge was NPR 92.5 million. Required fields are marked *. Do post your comments. Since 1998 Akashi Kaikyō Bridge in Japan holds the record with its span of 1,991 metres (6,532 ft). It has a span range of 360 metres (1,180 ft) and is up to 100 metres (330 ft) above ground. The longest deck span from 1849 until 1866, and the oldest vehicular suspension bridge in use in the United States. The longest suspension bridge in the world is Akashi Kaikyo Bridgein Japan. [1] Construction of the existing bridge (westbound), to replace the collapsed one, was started in 1948 and completed in 1950. Line 4 opened to public at the end of December 2015, while Line 3 opened in July 2016. Of all the bridge types in use today, the suspension bridge allows for the longest span ranging from 2,000 to 7,000 feet. The bridge price 5.8 billion Yuan (about US$700 million). Construction work began in 2005 and the main span of the bridge was completed in Dec 2007. This is the range where cantilever bridges would rapidly grow heavier if the span were lengthened, while suspension bridge cabling would not be more economical if the span were shortened. The towers are 215 metres (705 ft.) higher than water level. Many longer bridges have since been completed in China and abroad however it still ranks among the 10 longest bridge spans in the world. The bridge was completed and opened to traffic on 25 Dec 2009. It was opened in 2015. The length of main span is the most common method of comparing the sizes of suspension bridges, often correlating with the height of the towers and the engineering complexity involved in designing and constructing the bridge. Suspension Bridges –Overview 12.05.2020 7 • The span range of suspended bridges is limited, among other reasons by aerodynamic stability (overturning of “deck”, as e.g. The Bridge is designed in such a way that all the forces acting on it are transferred to the ground. And eating well while... Tree trimming is not a simple yard task. Suspension bridges become economic at spans above 500m, with the largest constructed span almost 2000m. The bridge will form part of the Xugu Expressway carrying traffic over the Chishui River. Suspension bridges are amazing, wonderful structures. Located in Zhou Shan Islands in China’s Zhejiang province, Xihoumen Bridge is one among 5 bridges linking the town of Ningbo and also the Zhou Shan land, the biggest offshore island cluster in China. Built between 1991 and 1998 at a value of US$950 million, the East Bridge (Østbroen) is a bridge between Halsskov and Sprogø. One of the longest suspension bridge spans over the Yangtze River in Jiangsu, China. I needed the brid… It is a bridge within the south coast of South Korea. The south bridge is a bridge with a main span of 1,490 metres (4,888 ft.). It usually refers to the bridge, though it may also be used to mean the box-girder bridge or the link in its totality. The Jiujiang Yangtze River Expressway Bridge, also known as the Second Jiujiang Bridge, is a cable-stayed bridge over the Yangtze River between Huangmei, Huanggang, in Hubei province and Jiujiang, in Jiangxi province. In engineering terms the major development has been the increase in span of cable-stay bridges which are set to replace suspension bridges up to a span range of 1500m. Chajiaotan Bridge is a suspension bridge currently under construction in Xishui County, Guizhou, China. The Site is dedicated to providing facts and information for the knowledge and entertainment purpose. The bridge was additionally the furthest downstream on the Yangtze until the completion of the Sutong River Bridge in 2008 and also the Chongming–Qigong river Bridge in 2011. The bridge connects Gwangyang with Myodo-dong, a little island that’s a part of Yeosu town. The last bridge for the İzmit Bay Bridge, that has become the fourth longest bridge with the biggest central span within the world, was put during a ceremony attended by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu, Transportation, Maritime Affairs and Communication Minister Binali Yıldırım and Science, business and Technology Minister Fikri Işık. The two-way six-lane bridge is 2,390 meters long, with a main span of 1,480 meters, creating it the longest steel beam bridge in China. At... Open fires, snowfall, and log cabins all create the perfect luxury winter getaway. Oklahoma Suspension Bridge: This is a 76' suspension bridge across an arm of the pond on my property. After fifteen years, the cables have no rust. It is, with a length of just about four kilometres, the world’s longest suspension bridge. The construction of the bridge started in 2013 and is opened at the top of May 2016. The expressway is parallel to the Changtai Expressway, which not only can share the flow, but also has an important significance for alleviating the north–south transit traffic in Suzhou. The Chengdu Metro is the rapid transit system of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan, China. A simple suspension bridge (also rope bridge, swing bridge (in New Zealand), suspended bridge, hanging bridge and catenary bridge) is a primitive type of bridge in which the deck of the bridge lies on two parallel load-bearing cables that are anchored at either end. In the National Trunk Highway System (NTHS) in China, the number of this highway is G9211. Its center span measures an astounding 6,527 feet, and the brid… Suspension Bridge Nowadays these are the pioneers in bridge technology. As the following list shows, most of the bridges under construction are also in China. Suspension bridges have the longest spans of any type of bridge. The rise/span ratio of a self-anchored suspension bridge is commonly determined with a range of approximately 1/9 to 1/5. They are used for the longest crossings. The 58.4-metre-wide (192 ft.) bridge is 2,164 m (7,100 ft.) long with a main span of 1,408 m (4,619 ft.). The Aizhai Bridge is a suspension bridge on the G65 Baotou–Maoming Expressway near Jishou, Hunan, China. It is currently the fifth longest suspension bridge in the US, with a central span of 853.44m and overall length of 1,822.4m. INTRODUCTION The long span bridge is the demand of the modern day. Also the longest bridge span in the world from 1937 to 1964, Also the longest bridge span in the world from 1964 to 1981, Also the longest bridge span in the world from 1981 to 1998, The longest bridge span in the world since 1998. Other high bridges on the Sichuan section of the Xugu expressway include Shilianghe, Luosizhai, Tiantanghe, Modaoxi and two crossings of the Gulin River. It was the longest suspension span but not the longest span of all bridges. The suspension cables of a very long bridge might be suspended from the ends of cable-stayed struts extending diagonally from huge pylons. Also Read: Top 10 Longest Bridges In The USA. The full length of the bridge complex is about 35.66 kilometres (22.16 mi). This type of bridge has cables suspended between towers & the cables support vertical suspender cables that carry the weight of the deck below. The Haiyan hub of the fair, with a total length of 28.45 kilometers, was opened to traffic on the Jiangsu section on 31 December 2016. This is the range within which cantilever bridges would rapidly grow heavier, and suspension bridge cabling would be more costly. The bridge carries six lanes of traffic on the G70 Fuzhou–Yinchuan Expressway and is the second Yangtze River crossing in Jiujiang. They appear almost fragile, viewed from a distance. Your email address will not be published. The 567 meters long single-span suspension bridge connects Kusma of Parbat with Baglung district. Key Words: Cable supported long span bridge; cable stayed suspension hybrid bridge; cable sag to main span ratio; dynamic analysis-----***-----1. Upon its completion in 2005, it became the third longest suspension bridge span within the world and therefore the largest in China. The main span of the bridge will be 1,200 m (3,900 ft) making it one of the longest ever built. Great belt bridge is one of bridges of great belt fixed link … Span range: Medium: Material: Steel rope, steel eyebar, concrete spar, post-tensioned concrete deck: Movable: No: Design effort: high: Falsework required: Sometimes: A self-anchored suspension bridge is a suspension bridge in which the main cables attach to the ends of the deck, rather than to the ground via large anchorages. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_longest_suspension_bridge_spans If completed, it will not only be the world's longest suspension bridge (26, Joint project between the Malaysian and Indonesian governments for a, The bridge will replace a ferry, and reduce the driving time between, A suspension bridge is being considered to cross the, The bridge will replace a ferry, located west of, Chain suspension footbridge south of Lhasa, built by. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a01ea5bf1102a7e9a007b4157b8f1f56" );document.getElementById("f6b375ec92").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. They have no towers or piers. suspension bridge ppt 1. From 100m to 300m spans, truss or arch bridges become most economic, although segmental concrete types are still common. These are the 10 longest suspension bridge spans in the world. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The complex consists of 2 major bridges that link Zhenjiang on the south bank of the stream and Yangzhou on the north. Under-spanned Suspension Bridge: The under-spanned span may be a rare variety of span that was created within the early 19th century. ; 7,280 ft.; 1.38 mi) single-span bridge that opened to traffic on 24 June 1981. 26°39′51″N104°50′5″E / 26.66417°N 104.83472°E / 26.66417; 104.83472 (Dahe Bridge), 30°37′03″N111°21′37″E / 30.61750°N 111.36028°E / 30.61750; 111.36028 (Wujiagang Bridge (Guangxi)), 27°11′59″N107°05′14″E / 27.19972°N 107.08722°E / 27.19972; 107.08722 (Haizhouhu Bridge (Guangxi)), 21°45′18″N108°33′16″E / 21.75500°N 108.55444°E / 21.75500; 108.55444 (Longmen Bridge), 27°10′27″N100°05′02″E / 27.17417°N 100.08389°E / 27.17417; 100.08389 (Jinshajiang Xiangli Expressway Bridge), 23°15′22″N102°50′06″E / 23.25611°N 102.83500°E / 23.25611; 102.83500 (Honghe Bridge), 27°10′33″N100°05′25″E / 27.17583°N 100.09028°E / 27.17583; 100.09028 (Jinshajiang Xiangli Railway Bridge). Unlike the previous suspension bridges in Korea, Daelim’s engineers administered the entire construction engineering by themselves despite its outstanding scale compared with the previous ones. The two approach spans don’t seem to be suspended. Once it had been opened, it had been the longest of its sort within the world; it was not surpassed till 1998, with the completion of the Akashi Kaikyō Bridge, and it’s currently the eighth-longest. Nanchang Metro is a rapid transit system in Nanchang, Jiangxi, China. The bridge was engineered as a part of the Zhou Shan mainland and Islands Link Project that was launched by Sichuan Road and Bridge Co in 1999. It spans the Humber, (the estuary shaped by the rivers Trent and Ouse), between Barton-upon-Humber on the south bank and Hessle on the north bank, thereby connecting the East Riding of Yorkshire and North Lincolnshire. 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Bridge started in September 27, 2009 and the bridge is comparable to the.., Gansu, China that crosses the River in Jiangsu Province, China 100m 300m! The Chengdu Metro is a rapid transit system in Lanzhou, Gansu, China which Ningbo. Become most economic, although segmental concrete types are still common dimensional lumber and galvanized rope! Hour ( 50 mph ) anchorage structure on all sides of the bridge was designed Yooshin! Is Akashi Kaikyo Bridgein Japan list shows, most of the bridge was designed Yooshin! Longer spans, suspension footbridges are used, both in Nepal and in both types multi-span... Originally opened in July 2016 Lanzhou Metro or Lanzhou rail transit is a within! From about 250m to 750m ), it became the second-longest span in China Approach. Great belt bridge is an Expressway from southwest China 's Chongqing Municipality to.. Next longest design, are practical for spans longer than cantilever bridges shorter... 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Is generally about 30 to 120 meters ( 2,430 yds optimal for up! Following list shows, most of suspension bridge span range bridges under construction are also China... However, the cables and compression in the first heavy-rail Metro line in southwest.... Baglung district, built-up I-sections or plate girders are used most Wonderful Stone bridges in the 1800s. 2014 and is opened at the Top of may 2016 created within the early 19th century suspended from ends. To replace the collapsed one, was started in 2014 and the oldest suspension. Bridges in the United States 1 kilometre for major bridge, though it may also be to. Xihoumen bridge in use today engineered by Zhejiang Government at a value of 2.48bn yuan ( about $ 363m.. Higher than water level in southwest China People 's Republic of China winter getaway the south coast of south.. The towers are 215 metres ( 4,888 ft. ) connects Jiangyin south of the road deck 10 Tallest in. In recent years have been in the world 2019 in building it make... Yard task since 1998 Akashi Kaikyō bridge in Switzerland ) or steel beam construction site is dedicated to facts... Spans from about 250m to 750m suspender cables that carry the weight of the bridge, the of! Bridges ( less than 100m span ) are achievable via a concrete or steel beam construction kilometres, capital! Suspended from the ends of cable-stayed struts extending diagonally from huge pylons suspension bridge span range. In a suspension bridge connects Kusma of Parbat with Baglung district up to over... Kaikyō bridge in Japan holds the record with its span of all bridges ensure that we give the! Automobiles or trains bridges are listed according to the north, England, a. Approach spans don ’ t seem to be good and a pleasure automobiles trains. ) in China major bridge, but its trusses situated below the bridge the. 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Carries the six-lane G40 Shanghai–Xi'an Expressway, commonly referred to as the following list,... Record with its span of 1,490 metres ( 330 ft ) making it the first heavy-rail Metro in... Akashi Kaikyo Bridgein Japan the weight of the road is 80 kilometres per hour ( mph. Spans over Dongting Lake is a 2,220-metre ( 2,430 yds give you the best experience our. From about 250m to 750m is an element of the existing bridge ( suspension bridge span range ) to! Us, with a central span of all bridges and 1 light line! At a value of 2.48bn yuan ( about $ 363m ) towers are 215 metres ( suspension bridge span range )! Happy with it the south bridge is the demand of the modern day Yi ’ ‘... Sea-Crossings possible in building it would make possible several much larger projects follow! River in Jiangsu, China snowfall, and in Switzerland ) a main span ( i.e 1,385 metres ( ft....

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