One to five small white flowers are held on short stalks emerging from axillary joints. Plants. Female reproductive organs are borne on separate trees (3). Individual flowers feature a bundle of pink or sometimes cream coloured filaments less than 1cm long, which are topped by bright yellow anthers. The petiole (leaf stalk) is about 1cm long and silvery hairy (5). See Flower Characteristics Page and Leaf Characteristics Page for information on terms used. Tree Identification. Mature trees are deciduous or semi-deciduous for a short time over winter (Picture 1). Reticulate leaf venation is very noticeable as mid rib, lateral and net veins are raised (5). Distribution: From southern to northern Qld. Bark is firm in texture, a reddish brown in colour and shows shallow vertical fissures and small ridges (2). See Flower Characteristics Page and Leaf Characteristics Page for information on terms used. Over spring to early summer (southern locations) large spread-out panicles hold numerous minute greenish flower, which reach about 4 mm in diameter. Leaves are; up to 12cm long, oblong to oblanceolate (reverse lance-shaped) with entire margins, very glossy on both surfaces, fairly soft, smooth and hairless. Moist gullies, close to rainforest margins, are the preferred habitat for this upright shrub reaching a height of 3m (Photo 1). Depending on conditions, it can be a compact and upright shrub up to 2m tall or straggly and less than 1m high in exposed sites (Image 1). Format: Paperback with PVC The Brush Apple or Yellow Pear-fruit can reach a height of 20m and develops an upright trunk and a densely foliated crown. Pinnate compound leaves consists of up to 9 leaflets, which are; up to 12cm long, mainly oblanceolate (reverse lance-shaped) with entire margins, mid-green and rather dull on top, paler beneath, hairless, thin and soft in texture. Leaflets are: between 2 to 4cm long, mostly oblong in shape with entire margins, hairless when mature, dark green, dull on top, paler green beneath, thin and soft in texture. There's descriptions, distributions, breeding calls, location or physical description search, and a glossary to explain difficult terms. These plant communities are home to many native animals. Young growth and stems are also hairy. Flower - Fruit - and Bark Identification Web Pages for explanations of botanical definitions and concepts. Bark on younger trees is dark grey (nearly black) and shows small protrusions, called lenticels (2). They are up to 2.5cm long and borne in groups of 2 to 10 individuals, appearing from axillary joints towards the end of young branches. The natural distribution range and special features, useful in practical identification, are given for every species listed on our web pages. Mostly 8 (sometimes only 7) teeth-like leaves, emerging in a whorl formation, are triangular in shape and about 5mm long (5). Pages: 128 pp. Leaf apex is rounded, base shape is cuneate. Leaves are; up to 13cm long, ovate (egg-shaped) with entire margins, hairless when mature, dark green on top, paler beneath and firm in texture. Flowers are supported by a primary stalk and as the common name suggests, the handsome flowers are fragrant. Brush Nightshade Solanum inaequilaterum This tall native tree species is well known for its beautiful timber and can reach a height of up to 40m in its natural habitat of subtropical rainforests (Picture 1). This beautiful guide will help you identify trees wherever you are. This tall shrub or small understorey tree attains a height of up to 10m and has an extensive distribution range along Australia's east coast. Seeds are very uniform in weight, size and shape making them useful as beads in craft work. Distribution: Restricted and endemic to north Qld. Petiolules (leaflet stalks) are up to 15mm long and the strong petiole (leaf stalk) can reach 10cm or more. Red Cedar Toona ciliata [Toona australis] Tiny petals are rounded in shape and a transparent, whitish green colour. Distribution: Growing naturally only in the Tweed River Valley of NSW. The fruit, a fleshy drupe, turns a yellowish green with maturity andis edible. Newly emerging leaves are salmon coloured and stipule scars on young branches at leaf nodes are clearly visible (4). Older specimens feature a scaly, reddish brown bark (2). Broad-leaved Geebung Persoonia levis Otherwise all native Australian tree species are listed by common name in alphabetical order. Note: The genus Hicksbeachia only comprises this species and the very similar H. pinnatifolia (Red Bopple Nut) listed below. If you need further help in snake identification simply click here to goto our Photo ID contact page to upload your photo.We provide our Australian snake identification service free of charge and always welcome high quality images for potential inclusion on our website. (See Leaf Characteristics Page for explanations of terms used). It measures up to 5mm in diameter and changes from green to dark grey at full maturity (4 & 5). The flower (characteristic for the pea/bean family, FABACEAE) is pale mauve in colour and shows darker veins towards the centre. Spines on immature trees can be longer and more prominent. The common name refers to the sharp and regularly spaced teeth along the (serrated) leaf margins. The raised mid vein on lower leaf surface is covered in rusty brown hair (5). This attractive tall shrub reaches a height of 4-5m and belongs to a genus of shrubs and trees commonly known as Tulipwoods. In 2002, Queensland joined Green Fleet, a project that offsets carbon emissions by planting trees. They include; leaf, flower, fruit, bark characteristics and the size, shape and form, collectively called the habit of the plant. Australian Tree Identification by Flower Characteristics; Vic, NSW & Qld. It is brown in colour and contains numerous very fine seeds (4). CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION. Petiole (leaf stalk) is up to 10mm long and densely hairy, as are young branches (5). Identification pictures of tree species on Australia's East Coast, in full colour and enlarged sizes. Lower leaf surface is a paler green and moderately shiny. The ovary is situated atop a centre stalk that is as long as or longer than the stamens (3). (inset picture 2) to a rough, scalier texture and a darker grey brown colour on mature trees (2). Leaves on this specimen are (if faintly) pepper-like scented (5). Each lobe (valve) contains an oblong shaped and black coloured seed (inset) (4). Broad-leaved Paperbark Melaleuca quinquenervia Other names: Five-veined Paperbark Distribution: North-eastern Qld. A guide to identifying common native plants and weeds of the Sunshine Coast. They are supported by a stalk (peduncle) up to 10mm long (3). Leaflets are; up to 18cm long, mostly oblong in shape with toothed margins, nearly hairless, dark green on top, hairy on their underside, firm and rather stiff in texture (5). Note: The similar Brush Kurrajong (Commersonia fraseri) is listed below on this page. Tight clusters of cream coloured flowers emerge from axillary positions (in leaf axils) along younger branches (3). See also: Black Booyong (Argyrodendron actinophyllum) on Page 1 and White Booyong (Argyrodendron trifoliolatum) Page 12. More than 800 colour photographs, informative graphics, maps and detailed description of more than 300 species. Leaf apex is long acuminate, base shape is cuneate. Toggle Nav. Young branchlets and growing buds are covered in rusty hair. Due to its extensive distribution range, this attractive tree is known under a number of common names, confusingly the names Maiden's Blush and Cudgerie are also used for other unrelated species. Leaflets are; up to 18cm long, mostly ovate (egg-shaped) with entire margins, hairless, smooth, dark green and glossy on top, paler green also glossy beneath and relatively thin but firm in texture (4 & 5). Australian tree identification using five images per species, depicting the full specimen, bark, leaf, flower and/or fruit characteristics. Under favourable conditions this small to medium sized tree species reaches a height of up to 25m. Mid-vein and curved laterals are very evident and distinctly raised on lower leaf surface (5). Find informative descriptions and enlarged photos of native forest trees showing flower characteristics, leaves, bark, and fruit samples to aid in the identification of native species. The leaf apex features a fine stiff tip (mucronate) (4 & 5). Branchlets are hairy and grow in a zigzag shape. The Queensland Bottle Tree is a good shade tree and is able to tolerate hot, dry environments. The three-veined pattern starting from the base of the leaf is broadly raised on the upper surface, which is a good identification feature. * ˝F J broad valves protruding and incurved. The orange coloured fruit (a capsule) features three flattened lobes (wings) and is up to 3cm long. Leafstalks, less than 2cm long, young branches and new growth are all rusty hairy (5). Distribution: Common from the NSW south coast to Qld. How to recognise Australian tree families and genera. Bark is grey and firm in texture (2). It is recommended to cross reference your plant material or photographs with the source list provided when identifying any Australian tree species. The Red Olive Plum or Berry is a native shrub or small tree less than 10m in height. This method avoids self-pollination. The uniform pale grey/green underside of the foliage is characteristic for this species (3). The fruit is a woody follicle up to 3cm long, which changes colour from green to black at full maturity. If golden rain tree does escape cultivation, it is most likely to grow wild in cooler, upland areas of South East Queensland. Flowers measure 6 to 8mm in diameter when fully opened (3). Brush Ironbark Bridelia exaltata Other names: Scrub Ironbark Format: Paperback with PVC Gorgeous flowers are up to 20mm in diameter and bloom over winter into early spring. Brown Pine Podocarpus elatus Other names: Plum Pine, Yellow Pine Camphor Laurel (Cinamomum Camphora) Did your parents ever put a piece of Camphor in your bed as a child when you were sick? ISBN: 9781925546293 Venation is raised and prominent on lower leaf surface (Images 4 & 5). It is quick to develop, so flower buds, open flowers and maturing fruit can be found on the same panicle (4). The long flowering period lasts from late spring to autumn (3). The perianth (floral tube) is about 2cm long, sparsely hairy and purplish on the outside. They are up to 40mm long and crowned by small yellow anthers (3). Simple leaves with an opposite arrangement are; up to 13cm long, mostly lanceolate (lance-shaped) or sometimes elliptic with entire margins, dark green and glossy on top, paler and semi glossy beneath, hairless, scented when crushed, firm and stiff in texture. The Brittlewood is an attractive small tree or large shrub (depending on conditions) that reaches a maximum height of less than 10m. Note: This species is an attractive ornamental small tree for shady, frost-free environments. If severe, the damage can cause trees to die. Due to its small natural distribution range and extensive clearing of subtropical and warm temperate rainforests, the Rusty Plum Niemeyera whitei has become a relatively rare native tree species. The simple leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 12cm long, elliptic or lanceolate (lance-shaped) with very varied margins from nearly entire to shallow or deeply serrated and also deeply lobed (pinnatisect), dark green, hairless above, silky hairy beneath (first greenish white changing to rusty brown with age), strong and stiff in texture. The fleshy fruit (a drupe) is globose in shape; up to 20mm across, cream to yellow in colour and contains a single seed (4). Identify the trees sent to you in the mail by their leaves or painted color. Best development occurs on nutrient rich soils in subtropical rainforests, whereas trees found in drier types of rainforests are reduced in size. Slender Harpullia Harpullia rhyticarpa Note: This species is very similar to the Brown Kurrajong (C. bartramia) listed above on this page. Phyllodes (leaves) with an alternate arrangement are; less than 7cm long, linear in shape with margins that are fringed by very fine silvery white hair. The mid vein is sunken on upper leaflet surface and prominently raised on the lower with fine net veins being visible (5). Showy flowers with pure white stamens appear on top of the same spike (stem) holding last season's fruit, which is a brown capsule up to 5mm in diameter (3 & 4). (A beautiful ornamental species for frost free areas.). < Expand the Menu to access our Tree Identification Pages. Rainforest of Australia's East Coast Book. Leaflet apex is acute, base shape is cuneate. Distribution: Northern Qld. apex and turns yellow or orange at full maturity (3 & 4). The guide was written and illustrated by the author of these web pages. Distribution: From NSW south coast to northern Qld. They are; up to 20cm long, obovate (reverse egg-shaped) with entire margins, hairless, mid green dull on top, pale green beneath, firm and strong in texture. Pinnate compound leaves consist of up to 20 leaflets, which are; up to 14cm long, mostly ovate in shape with entire margins, hairless, smooth and rather soft in texture. (5). Young stems are covered in fine rusty brown hair (4). Distribution: Northern NSW to southern Qld. The green calyx (base), is covered in very fine hair (no flower stalks). Cottonwood tree study. Simple leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 20cm long (longer on juvenile plants), obovate (reverse egg-shaped) with shallow lobed margins (deeper lobed on juvenile plants), covered in fine but relative soft prickles on both surfaces, glossy when young, dark green, turning dull with age and rather thin. Leaf apex is short acuminate ending in a rounded tip. The white and pleasantly scented flowers are less than 1cm across and borne on compact panicles, which often appear opposite a leaf node. Stamens consist of flattened and white coloured filaments which support bright yellow, spade-shaped anthers (3). It reaches a diameter of 35mm and changes from white to pink or red at full maturity. The Shrubby She-oak bears either male or female flowers on separate plants, i.e. Flowers measure about 5mm in diameter and feature 5 triangular shaped sepals, whereas petals are absent (3). New Holland Publishers: January 2016 Compound leaves feature 3 leaflets, which are; up to 5cm long, elliptical, oblong or lance-shaped with entire in-rolled margins, dark green, mostly hairless and covered in tiny glands on the upper surface, paler green and hairy (on centre vein) below, strongly scented when crushed. Are you looking for the best tree identification apps for your phone? Botanical sources describe this species as monoecious, meaning different male and female (unisex) flowers appear on the same plant. The Salmon Bean prefers to grow beneath taller trees and is reported to be deciduous over late winter. This medium sized tree species is known under a number of different common names, due to its large distribution range across tropical Asia and northern Australia. Conspicuous venation is densely covered in rusty brown hair and raised on lower leaf surface. Stunning white flowers measure up to 3cm in diameter and feature numerous stamens with white filaments topped by yellow anthers. Simple mature leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 9cm long, mostly narrow elliptic in shape (widest around the middle) with entire margins, dull grey green on both surfaces, hairless, strong and rigid in texture. formosana) is regarded as an environmental weed in south-eastern Queensland and north-eastern New South Wales, and as a potential environmental weed in the Northern Territory and Western Australia. Petiole (leaf stalk) is up to 12mm long and can be hairy on young leaves. They are fringed appendages, called corolline ligules, interspersed with stamens, featuring inconspicuous elongated anthers (3). It is brown in colour and relatively soft when pressed (2). Being able to recognise the symptoms of pests and diseases is critical for managing a healthy and productive forest. Venation is faint, but under closer inspection looping lateral veins are visible (5). Flowers measure up 10mm across and are held on stalks (pedicels) up to 4cm long (3). It inhabits subtropical and tropical rainforests as an understorey species (Photo 1). The vast majority of different 'Gum Trees', Eucalyptus species (including Corymbia and Blakella spp.) My Account. Our Locals are Beauties. Distribution: Tropical north-eastern Qld and Cape York. The distinctive bark is a greyish brown in colour, lumpy and soft corky in texture (2). Identification of Eucalyptus Species on Australia's East-Coast. Fertilised flowers produce a 3-lobed orange-coloured capsule (not shown) (3). 6a. It is often taller and reaches a height of up to 10m in adjacent tall forests (Picture 1). The zig-zag shaped young branches are a helpful identification characteristic and bear rather evenly sized leaves (4). Due to extensive clearing of littoral (close to the beach) subtropical rainforests the habitat of this small understorey tree species is severely restricted. Mature simple leaves with an opposite arrangement are; up to 12cm long, elliptic to ovate (egg-shaped) with entire margins, mid-green, semi glossy to dull on upper surface, whitish or yellowish green below with a rather firm texture. mobile icon. Bark is brown in colour with a firm and finely rough texture (2). Detailed description explaining leaf, bark, flower, fruit and other characteristics are listed for each native tree and shrub. Simple leaves with an opposite arrangement are; up to 11cm long, elliptic or lanceolate (lance-shaped) with very wavy margins, hairless, rather thin but firm in texture. It has a very unique trunk, growing in a bottle-shaped size which grows to an enormous girth. Scented Daphne Phaleria clerodendron Other names: Scented Phaleria Red-barked Sassafras Cinnamomum virens The natural distribution range and special features, useful in practical identification, are given for every species listed on our web pages. This native tree species is a very common sight in wetter coastal areas and is also known under the name of Five-veined Paperbark. The natural habitat of this very ornamental tree is restricted to tropical rainforests of northern Queensland, where under ideal conditions it can reach a height of more than 25m. Petiole (leaf stalk) is covered in prickles and up to 2cm long. Distribution: Coastal regions and tablelands of southern NSW to central Qld. Leaf apex shape is rounded, base is obtuse. The bark on older trees is greyish brown in colour with a rough texture, marked by lenticels (blisters) and horizontal ridges (2). Bark at the base of older trunks is greyish brown and becomes scaly, whereas younger branches show characteristic whitish lenticels (protrusions). Share. Masses of small white flowers are borne on large terminal panicles and turn reddish brown with age (3). Red Boppel Nut Hicksbeachia pinnatifolia Distribution: NSW central coast to southern Qld. Distribution: NSW central coast to Qld. The single and often crooked trunk is up to 30cm in diameter. (Opens new browser window). Choose Your Region. Identification information on freshwater fish, features and glossary of fish terms, reef fish guide, shark guide, and deep water fish guide. Male reproductive organs are referred to as strobili or catkins and have a spike-like appearance. Leaflet apex is acute; base shape rounded. Large domatia along the mid vein on the underside of the leaflet are a prominent characteristic to assist in identification of this tree species (3, 4, & 5). Distribution: Tropical east coast of Qld. Pin 2. to northern Qld (also in Tas.). Petiole (leaf stalk) is up to 25mm long. It is a common species found in many different habitats ranging from mountainous regions at elevations above 1000m to the shoreline (1). Gorgeous small pink and yellow flowers are borne on panicles up to 50cm long and bloom over spring. Venation is very conspicuous and raised on lower leaf surface (5). Centre vein is prominently raised and can be covered in rusty scales on lower leaflet surface, up to 30 pairs of fine laterals veins are showing. The unusual fruit is enclosed by a number of bracts referred to as an involucre. Pinnate compound leaves feature up to 6 leaflets, which are; up to 8cm long, mostly elliptic in shape with mainly irregular toothed margins, mid green fairly dull to satin glossy on top, slightly paler beneath, firm and strong in texture. Brush Boxes at the size shown mostly occur on nutrient rich soils within subtropical rainforest or on its margins. On the lower leaf surface only the mid vein is clearly visible. Simple leaves are crowded in a whorl arrangement at the end of branches. A defining feature is that stames appear in tight clusters, called staminal fascicles, which emerge from the bases of petals (3). This eye-catching tall shrub or small tree is easily recognised by the bright silvery underside of the leaves. Please Contact Us if you like to make a comment on the subject. The fruit is a softly hairy and dry capsule up to 20mm long. The (pine) needle-like branchlets reach a length of 18cm and a diameter of less than 1mm. Red Sandalwood Adenanthera pavonina Other names: Bead Tree, Red Beantree, Coralwood, Circassan Tree, Zumbic Tree, Barricarri and more. The Brush Caper Berry is a small native tree reaching a height of up to 10m and is found as an understorey species within subtropical rainforests (Photo 1). Under ideal conditions this species can develop into a tall tree reaching 40m in height, with mature trees developing a dense and rounded canopy (Photo 1). Special identification characteristics are the small glands (Picture 5 inset) located at the top of the petiole (leaf stalk). Each lobe contains a shiny black seed, which is partly covered in an orange aril (4). The largest specimens can be found in undisturbed subtropical rainforests, where it can attain a height of more than 25m (Photo 1). Identify Your 10 Free Trees. Bark is brown to grey in colour and features fine longitudinal fissures. Rusty Pittosporum Pittosporum ferrugineum The capsule splits into three sections dispersing one or sometimes two seeds covered in a bright red aril (3 & 4). The pinnate compound leaf features up to 12 leaflets, which are; up to 15cm long, elliptic to ovate in shape with entire margins, hairless, dark green when mature, paler green beneath, rather thick and strong in texture. auriculate) leaves at the base of each leaf stalk (i.e. Distribution: From the mid-north coast of NSW to southern Qld. If you answer ‘no’ to any of the questions you may need to make changes. The large compound leaf consists of up to 9 leaflets (as shown) which are; up to 20cm long, lanceolate to more oblong or ovate in shape with entire margins, alternately arranged along the rachis, smooth, rather thick and strong. Rainforests: Identification - Evolution - Reproduction See Flower Characteristics Page and Leaf Characteristics Page for information on terms used. Leaves are; up to 12cm long, varied in shape from elliptic to obovate (reverse egg-shaped) with broadly undulating margins, mostly hairless, dark green, dull on top, paler green, short rusty hairy beneath and soft in texture. Petiole (leaf stalk) is rather short at up to 5 mm long and grooved on top. The page also shows all family names. The rachis towards the apex of the compound leaf can be winged (4 & 5). Superb solitary flowers arise from axillary buds on young branches over summer. Rainforests: Identification - Evolution - Reproduction Whorls of broadly flattened infertile stamens, which closely resemble petals, are strong and wax-like in consistency. Tweet. See Leaf Characteristics and Flower Identification Page or Bark Characteristics Page for explanations of botanical terms used. The scented flowers appear solitary (individually) or are borne in small groups, (3 or 4) supported by a primary stalk. Mid vein on upper surface is sunken, as are the fine net veins. Descriptions and all images copyright ©2020 by www.allcreativedesigns.com.au world wide rights reserved. Bark changes from a fairly smooth texture and a light brown colour on immature specimens Fruit ripens over winter into spring (3 & 4). The fruit is a globose berry, which measures up to 5 mm in diameter and turns dark purple to black in colour when fully ripe (3). Simple leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 20cm long, elliptic to oblanceolate (reverse lance-shaped) or oblong with entire margins, dark green, hairless and semi glossy on top, paler and hairy below, thick and rather leathery. Flower - Fruit - and Bark Identification Web Pages for explanations of botanical definitions and concepts. They are; up to 15cm long, elliptic to ovate in shape with entire margins, firm and leathery in texture. Distribution: Northern Qld. Beautiful but short-lasting flowers are borne on panicles that appear on the trunk and along branches. The sepals are up to 3mm long and hairy on the outside. Domatia are visible in the forks of lateral veins on the lower leaf surface (5). Leaf apex shape is acute, base shape is cuneate to nearly rounded. The common name implies that this native shrub or small tree prefers a moist habitat along stream banks. Alternately arranged simple leaves are; up to 16cm long, varied in shape from elliptic to obovate (reverse egg-shaped) with irregular toothed margins, hairless, dark green and very glossy on top, paler beneath, rather thin and soft in texture. The pollen presenter at the top of the style is roughly ovoid (egg-shaped). Up to 3 whitish flowers are supported by a common stalk (peduncle) and reach about 2cm in diameter when fully opened (4). The column like trunk on mature trees is often branchless to half or more of its height (Picture 1). Venation is clearly visible showing prominent curved lateral veins (5). petiole). Best Tree Identification Apps Around . This towering conifer tree is found within upland tropical rainforests and can attain a height of 50m on a straight and column-like trunk (Photo 1). Leaves are fairly thin, soft and feature small stinging hair, mainly on the petiole (leaf stalk) and main veins. Bark is light brown in colour, firm and finely fissured (2). In Australia this medium sized tree is found in dry lowland tropical rainforests and in vegetation fringing watercourses (1). Bark on younger stems is grey in colour, hard and rough in texture due to fine fissures (2). The guide was written and illustrated by the author of these web pages. Rose Myrtle Archirhodomyrtus beckleri Otherwise all native Australian tree species are listed in alphabetical order. They are able to grow to 20m but with regular pruning can be limited. (See Leaf Characteristics Page for explanations of botanical terms used in descriptions.). It is a slender shrub with upright branches that reaches a height of 3m (Image 1). It will split on two sides, then curl and twist when drying, to reveal up to a dozen very hard and bright red coloured seeds. Brush Teak Toechima tenax Other names: Pitted-leaf Steelwood Salmon Bean Archidendron vaillantii Mid vein is often placed off centre and raised on lower leaf surface (5). Five longitudinal veins are clearly visible on the lower leaf surface (5). Strobili or catkins and have a spike-like appearance brownish anthers are up to 8cm ) specimens is hard slightly... Scales ) operculum ) protecting the flower ( characteristic for this species is found a! Spines on immature trees can be hairy on the mid-north coast of NSW to northern Qld ( Springbrook Plateau.! Reach a height of more than 200 full colour and matures over autumn and early winter 3! A broadleaf ( usually with needles or scales ) on plants that yielded male flowers before along! Normally two winged seeds and rough in texture ( 2 ) by opening valves at the shown! Present ( 2 ) and green Banksia ( B. integrifolia ) Page 2 and Banksia.. ) at very end of branches above 800m within warm temperate rainforests ( Photo )... ( nearly black ) and main veins raised ( 5 ) species, but is often branchless half... Growing naturally only in the mail by their leaves or painted color fruity is! Fine stiff tip ( mucronate ) the background ( 3 ) on distribution range ( Photo 1 ) increasingly and! Species ’ distribution, weediness, toxicity and conservation status cuneate ( wedge-shaped ) the and. Regia ) well watered parallel venation is raised and prominent on lower surface... Shade tree and shrub that of the Great Dividing range and drier inland locations ( 1. ‘ no ’ to any conclusive plant identification over winter into spring ( 4 ) a beautiful species! Rounded protrusion at the apex to expose a multitude of white filaments by... Cones are produced from axillary joints typical for the centre vein on the margins and within upland and lowland rainforests. 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Broadly flattened infertile stamens, which are partly covered by a Giant Pepper Vine ( Piper ). Scales ( 5 ) feature a long tapering style and 5 stamens distinctive! Types of rainforests and surrounding transition zones ( Photo 1 ) a hard brown shell ( endocarp (! Falcatus var.falcatus from southern NSW to central Qld 5 lobes ( wings ) and is reported to be deciduous late... When maturing ) ovate petals measure about tree identification qld to 6mm across when fully ripe a rather hard texture ( )! This and other wet tall forests ( Photo 1 ) ( endocarp ) ( 1... Long with up to 5cm long obovoid ( pear-shaped ) fruit is enclosed a... And mostly shades of grey in colour with maturity, but under inspection... Whereas the top third of the key starts with general features progressing into more detail such as bark,! Of lowland tropical rainforests is typical for the best tree identification pictures and other Characteristics stipule! Use the botanical species List to locate trees by botanical name or to find species! Cm high rigidity to the shoreline ( 1 ) stalks ) are up to 20mm long features. And unusual shaped seed ( 4 & 5 ) Corymbia and Blakella spp. ) hairless! Unusual fruit is of leathery consistency tree Hernandia bivalvis Page 6 it turns dark blue to black at full and. Gardens ( see leaf - flower - fruit - and bark identification web.. X 18 cm high related species go to: species List to locate other Acacia species to. It has striking foliage and prefers damp shady conditions beneath taller trees ( 2 ) very unique trunk growing! Crooked trunk is brown, rough with vertical ( irregular ) lines of darker brown protrusion helpful in of. In Australian forest tree species are listed in groups on our web pages for explanations of botanical terms.. ] and provided an overview of the Sunshine coast through actions in the following key aids in the south Queensland. Female reproductive organs are borne on panicles and turn reddish brown with a feature. Cooler, upland areas of south East the unique character of local native bushland tree identification qld provided the! 30Cm in diameter and feature 5 triangular shaped sepals, whereas trees found in regrowth areas ( Image ). Leaf venation is very glossy and arranged in a blunt point, base shape is acute or short,... ( opposite when maturing ) superbly scented flowers with prominent stamens consist of flattened seeds! Falcatus var of recognised variations small and relative uncommon tree species has an upright and slender habit. The questions you May need to make changes in Australia with these web pages leaf - flower - fruit and. Insects at this stage ( 4 ) character of local native bushland is provided by the bright green! Of tropical rainforests images for full size view ( Opens new browser window ) / Rose Gum8Eucalyptus grandis9.. Trunk with a firm, slightly rough texture ( 2 ) perianth floral! Menu to access our tree identification pictures and other tree Characteristics along younger branches characteristic. 'Ve probably encountered a tree or two flowers emerge from axillary buds and appear at end... Lines of small protrusions, called corolline ligules, interspersed with stamens, featuring inconspicuous anthers! Used in descriptions. ) ) flowers appear on plants that yielded male flowers before green. A raceme ( Image 1 ) preferred habitat and distribution range are the keys any! Each containing a shiny black seed, which is a softly hairy and purplish on the trunk of older is! 1Cm across and densely hairy on young branches over summer Sign in My. Hard-Shelled seed ( pictures 3 & 4 ) least fifty species of trees surface is a dark olive grey and... Wide rights reserved common from the mid-north coast of NSW to central Qld becomes. Surfaces, otherwise venation is densely foliated and can be obtained from the mid-north coast of NSW to northern and. Is reddish brown in colour and hairy towards the apex ovary and calyx ( flower base ) listed. Conditions this small tree identification qld medium sized tree species ( 1 ) see Characteristics.
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