“Travel brings knowledge Knowledge brings opportunity, Opportunity brings prosperity” Since the 73rd and 74th amendments to the Constitution of India, the local government institutions function as the third tier of government, which constitutes 14 District Panchayats, 152 Block Panchayats, 941 Grama Panchayats, 87 Municipalities, six Municipal Corporations and one Township. [143] The Western Ghats rise on average to 1,500 metres (4,900 feet) above sea level,[144] while the highest peaks reach around 2,500 metres (8,200 feet). [317] The state's 321,000 indigenous tribal Adivasis, 1.10% of the population, are concentrated in the east. The state has a coast of 590 km (370 mi)[135] and the width of the state varies between 11 and 121 kilometres (7 and 75 mi). [314] The main constraints to the expansion of inland navigation are; lack of depth in waterways caused by silting, lack of maintenance of navigation systems and bank protection, accelerated growth of the water hyacinth, lack of modern inland craft terminals, and lack of a cargo handling system. [320]:10–12, There is a tradition of matrilineal inheritance in Kerala, where the mother is the head of the household. Tulu and Kannada are spoken mainly in Kasargod district. [323][324][325], Kerala has been at the forefront of LGBT issues in India. The weather was pleasant here while the rest of the country was freaking hot and that was the time when I got know why Munnar is also called ‘Kashmir of Southern India ‘. [299] The Nilambur–Shoranur line is one of the shortest broad gauge railway lines in India. [199] However, the Kerala Municipality Act envisages a single-tier system for urban areas, with the institution of municipality designed to par with the Gram panchayat of the former system. This mentions a pepper emporium called Male, which clearly gave its name to Malabar ('the country of Male'). [245], The Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Board is a government owned financial institution in the state to mobilize funds for infrastructure development from outside the state revenue, aiming at overall infrastructure development of the state. [560] In 2011, tourist inflow to Kerala crossed the 10-million mark. Kerala, a unique destination, also called “God’s own country” ,offers travelers unparalleled experiences, where you can enjoy the Indo Dutch architecture of Fort Cochin, the lush green hill stations of Munnar, enchanting woods and wildlife of Thekkady and the timeless beauty of the palm fringed beaches of Kovalam. You can choose to take a walking tour to all these places. [174][175] The world's oldest teak plantation 'Conolly's Plot' is in Nilambur. [513] Popular snacks include banana chips, yam crisps, tapioca chips, Achappam, Unni appam and kuzhalappam. In some coastal panchayats, median outdoor radiation levels are more than 4 mGy/yr and, in certain locations on the coast, it is as high as 70 mGy/yr. Katz 200/* Religion */ 0; Koder 1973; Menachery 1998. [344] These changes stem largely from efforts begun in the late 19th century by the kingdoms of Cochin and Travancore to boost social welfare. Panchavadyam is a form of percussion ensemble, in which artists use five types of percussion instrument. [343] By 1999–2000, the rural and urban poverty rates dropped to 10.0% and 9.6% respectively. It also oversees a few major district roads. [113] The Kochi ruler sued for peace with Anizham Thirunal and Malabar came under direct British rule until India became independent. Tourists from all over the world come here to enjoy this unique experience. [250] Consequently, investment in rice production decreased and a major portion of the land shifted to the cultivation of perennial tree crops and seasonal crops. [133], The state is wedged between the Lakshadweep Sea and the Western Ghats. He makes note of the 20 or 30 mosques built to cater to the religious needs of the Muslims, the unique system of calculation by the merchants using their fingers and toes (followed to this day), and the matrilineal system of succession. [277] During the southwest monsoon, a suspended mud bank develops along the shore, which in turn leads to calm ocean water, peaking the output of the fishing industry. The inhibitions, caused by a series of Chera-Chola wars in the 11th century, resulted in the decline of foreign trade in Kerala ports. Kerala hosts two major political alliances: the United Democratic Front (UDF), led by the Indian National Congress; and the Left Democratic Front (LDF), led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)). Kerala, the land of God, has plenty of cool things to do that you must not miss out on! There is a significant Tamil population in Palakkad and Idukki districts. [92] The social system became fractured with divisions on caste lines. If you are fond of sweets then try the payasam. Temples that can afford it will usually involve at least one richly caparisoned elephant as part of the festivities. Marine fossils have been found in an area near Changanacherry, thus supporting the hypothesis. [375] As of 2017-18, there are 6,691 modern medicine institutions under the department of health services, of which the total bed strength is 37,843; 15,780 in rural areas and 22,063 in urban. He won the war against the Devas, driving them into exile. [211] The state witnessed significant emigration during the Gulf Boom of the 1970s and early 1980s. [37][38] According to the 17th century Malayalam work Keralolpathi, the lands of Kerala were recovered from the sea by the axe-wielding warrior sage Parasurama, the sixth avatar of Vishnu (hence, Kerala is also called Parasurama Kshetram 'The Land of Parasurama'[39]). Estimated at a high social status India—about 700 Indian elephants, owned temples. 382 ] Kerala is called God’s own country been estimated at a high of 7.75 % [ 309 ] International... Have excellent accommodation options ruler of Mysore invaded northern Kerala. awareness of LGBT people and sensitisation concerning services., cultures, and kayaking ] Queerala is one of the 4,000 plant. Transgender community inhabitants as per the 2011 census, Kerala has been at... Duration of Onam is 10 days and it is divided into 14 districts with the rest of India Metropolis sets! The states of India, we see … 5 talking about this to do in employing. 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